What is Ceramic Relief? How to do it?
Recipes Sep 12, 2023
Ceramic reliefs are one of the art forms that we have frequently encountered in decoration, architecture and daily use products throughout history. In this article, we will talk about what ceramic relief is and how ceramic relief is made.
What is Relief?
Relief is a relief technique in which sculpted or added elements are attached to a solid background made of the same material. While the statue has a 360-degree viewing area, the relief is interpreted in a 180-degree area.
In addition to architectural decorations, it is also seen in sarcophagi, monuments, pedestals, church utensils, furniture, coins and some household items in use.
Reliefs are divided into two: low and high relief. Low reliefs are created by creating areas that can be perceived below the surface, and high reliefs above the surface.
Ceramic relief is applied by adding and subtracting techniques. The sigraffito technique, which we love very much, is one of the best examples of these.
Relief Making with Addition Technique
When we start making reliefs using the piecing technique, we first determine the area we will work on. After determining the area, we draw our relief with its outlines. After drawing our relief, we start adding it in small pieces. We add the low areas first and leave the upper layers for later.
Even though we see our relief from the front while working, we should not forget that it covers a 180-degree area. That’s why we should not forget to check the lateral areas frequently.
We do not forget to always have a sketch with us so that we do not lose our way during the relief making. Pieces of mud added one after the other will destroy our drawing after a while. After a while, it is easy for us to deviate from the path we follow. Therefore, keeping an eye on our sketches will both increase the quality of our work and ensure that we do not waste time.
We have added the relief making video with the piecing technique for those who are curious.
Relief Making with Reduction Technique
Although the subtraction technique and the addition technique seem to be opposites of each other, they are actually similar. It is important that we prepare our sketch before we start and have it with us. Since we are working with mud, another factor we need to pay attention to in the reduction technique is the hardness of the mud.
Getting used to leather-hard mud will ensure that our work progresses both cleanly and quickly. In order to prevent the mud from drying out further during work, we can moisten it with a controlled spray from time to time and help it stay leather hard.
While working with the reduction technique, if we are working on a 3-dimensional product such as a bowl, glass, or vase, we should support it from the back with our hands so that our cuts do not become too deep or the scraping tools we use do not come out from the back. In case of any errors, don’t worry, mud is forgiving. You can add mud at the same moisture content to the defective part and repair it.