How is Ceramics Made? – Ceramic Art
Recipes Sep 12, 2023
Ceramics is perhaps the most common of all art and craft forms. oldest known ceramic figurine date BC Between 29000 BC It dates back to between 25000. Whether in the form of bricks, vessels or sculptures, ceramics have existed for thousands of years and continue to be a newly discovered gem for many of us. Today, even contemporary ceramic artists use traditional ceramic techniques to create their most sophisticated works. In this article, we will examine basic ceramic techniques and how ceramics are made.
How is Ceramics Made? What are the Stages of Ceramic Making?
First of all, let us state that; Ceramics is not something to be made quickly and put aside. It takes some effort, some effort, and some time. In fact, they say that 95% of the work is practice, only 5% is talent. So if the first ceramic you make does not turn out the way you wanted, do not give up immediately, you may need a little more practice. Now let’s come to the ceramic making stages.
After taking the mud mass in our hands, we knead it thoroughly. The main purpose here To eliminate air bubbles remaining in the mud. Even though most of the mud we buy today comes vacuum-packed, some air bubbles may remain in it. That’s why the kneading part is important. Otherwise, when we fire our ceramics, these bubbles may expand and cause our works to explode, causing damage to both the works and the works nearby.
The relationship between hands and clay forms the basis of ceramic art. It includes many methods such as hand shaping (perhaps it would be more accurate to call it hand building), sausage, pinching, and combining plates.
With you in hand shaping technique Do not separate your slime.
In the pinch method, we take a piece of mud and turn it into a ball. Then, we gently press the middle with our thumb, and with our other four fingers, we grasp the mud and shape it by squeezing it. When spinning the ball with one hand, we press the walls evenly with our thumb inside and fingers outside. This method is one of the easiest methods to produce bowls and glasses.
In this method, we shape the mud by turning it into long sausage-shaped strips and then placing them on top of each other. It requires a little more patience and effort than other methods. With the sausage technique, it is possible to obtain difficult geometric forms that we cannot create by hand.
The lathe technique, which has won everyone’s heart with its meditative videos, is a technique that allows those who are handy to produce products quickly. It is done by placing a piece of clay in the middle of the lathe, compressing and shaping it by hand, with support from the legs and elbows. Click for detailed information.
It is the technique of pouring liquid mud into plaster molds specially produced for ceramics, keeping it in the mold and letting the dried mud take the shape of the mold. Generally, perfect geometric forms are made using the mold technique. Solid mud can also be used in molds.
The plate technique is the shaping of mud into plates, usually with the help of a tool such as a roller, and cutting it into shape. Plates can also be produced by a plate machine, by hand winnowing, or by cutting from a block of clay. However, the most commonly used method is to roll it out with a roller.
One of the most crucial stages of ceramics is glaze. To give the ceramics that we shape with our hands their final appearance, to color them, It consists of the techniques we use to create patterns. Many different methods are used in glazing, such as dipping, painting with a brush, and painting with a spray gun.
baking process It takes place in special ceramic kilns and temperatures reach 1000°C. A ceramic product is fired twice. The first baking process is called biscuit. When the products turned into biscuits enter the oven for the second time, they are baked at a higher temperature. After these two firing processes, the product reaches the hardness suitable for use. Baking time varies between 24 hours and 48 hours.
When we examine all these stages one by one, we see that the making of a glass that seems very simple actually takes quite a long time and is a labor-intensive process. The happiness of using or gifting the products we work on is completely different.
Which technique do you use most when making ceramics?